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Risk of Periodontitis from Birth Control Pills

Risk of Periodontitis from Birth Control PillsOral contraceptives are one of the most common forms of birth control for women of child-bearing age. Like most medications, however, oral contraceptives do have some risks and potential side effects. Our West Hollywood dentist wants our patients to know that women who use oral contraceptives may be at an increased risk of experiencing periodontitis, which can affect their long-term dental and overall health.

A study that was performed at the University of Buenos Aires in Argentina evaluated two groups of women. The group of women who were taking oral contraceptives was compared with the group that was not using hormonal birth control. The group using birth control pills were discovered to be more likely to have moderate to severe periodontitis compared to those who were not using oral contraceptives. Women who smoked and used birth control pills were at the highest risk. Researchers determined that the hormones contained in the contraceptives tended to increase inflammation in gum tissues, which left the women more susceptible to infection by oral bacteria.

Good dental hygiene is the best way to reduce your risk of gum disease. If you smoke, quitting can reduce your risk of developing gum disease. You may also consider talking to your gynecologist about your options for birth control. Non-hormonal forms of birth control may help you preserve your gum health.

Regular dental checkups are also crucial for preserving gum health. If you have any symptoms of gum disease, including spongy, inflamed or bleeding gums, contact our West Hollywood periodontal treatments specialist for further evaluation and a treatment plan.

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